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Old Labour Policies on Law and Order

The Labour Party has shown its determination to treat older people fairly. The guiding principle of our policy is that old age should be a time of rest and useful service, not a burden of loneliness and sorrow. Pensions have been increased for the elderly, as well as for disabled former soldiers. The Poor Law is gone and National Aid is willing to help if insurance can`t do the full job. The elderly have benefited greatly from the National Health Service. More labour-saving housing is being built for the elderly. Under the Tories, agriculture was plunged into a depression from which it could only be saved by war. Today, agriculture is flourishing. The hard work of peasants and farm workers leads us to our immediate goal of increasing production by 50 percent by 1952 compared to the pre-war period. There are and will be secure markets at guaranteed prices for as many products from our farms as our farmers can produce. Labour will continue the policies that have changed life in the countryside. The New Labour brand was developed to regain voter trust and represent a change from its traditional socialist policies, which have been criticised for breaking election promises and its links between unions and the state, and for communicating the party`s modernisation to the public.

New Labour leader Neil Kinnock from the left-wing Labour group Tribune called for a review of the policies that led to the party`s defeat and an improvement in the party`s public image by Peter Mandelson. a former television producer. In addition, there were MPs such as Giles Radice, who called for a systematic modernisation of the party, coupled with demands for a more moderate party to increase voting capacity. [2] Modernisation intensified after Labour`s narrow defeat at the 1992 general election, which according to Dennis Kavanagh and David Butler was caused by the fact that the party was still seen as a traditional Labour Party, and they stated that a “new” party had been formed to correct this, and that Labour`s “return to voting capacity in the months following the electoral defeat”. of 1992 was remarkable.” [3] After the leadership of Neil Kinnock and John Smith, the party led by Tony Blair sought to increase its electoral appeal under the slogan New Labour, and by the 1997 general election it had made significant gains among the middle class; This led to a landslide victory. Labour maintained this wider support at the 2001 general election, winning a third consecutive general election in 2005 for the first time in Labour`s history. However, their majority has been significantly reduced compared to four years earlier. Once New Labour was formed, it developed as a brand presented as a departure from Old Labour, the pre-1994 party,[39] which had been criticised for regularly betraying its election promises, and which was associated with the trade unions, the state and the beneficiaries.

[40] [41] The party`s two previous leaders, Neil Kinnock and John Smith, had begun modernizing the party as a strategy for electoral success before Smith`s death in 1994. [42] Kinnock undertook the first wave of modernisation between the 1987 and 1992 general elections, with quantitative research by Anthony Heath and Roger Jowell suggesting that the electorate viewed Labour as more moderate and eligible in 1992 than in 1987,[43] arguably legitimising the case for further modernisation. However, Smith`s approach, described (sometimes pejoratively) as “yet another uprising,” was seen as too timid by modernizers such as Blair, Brown and Mandelson. They felt that his cautious approach of avoiding controversy and winning the next election by exploiting the unpopularity of the Conservative government was not enough. [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] New Labour also used the party`s brand to pursue this modernisation, and it was used to communicate the party`s modernisation to the public. [49] The party also began using focus groups to test whether its policy ideas were appealing to undecided voters. [50] Its purpose was to assure the public that the party would offer a new way of governing and to allay fears that a Labour government would return to the labour unrest that had marked its past. [51] Blair explained that modernization was about “returning Labour to its traditional role as a majority party, promoting the interests of the vast majority of the population.” [52] To order your copy free of charge in the UK, please contact Parts of New Labour`s political philosophy linked crime to social exclusion and pursued a policy of encouraging partnerships between social and police authorities to reduce crime rates, while other areas of New Labour policy maintained a traditional approach to crime, Tony Blair`s approach to crime is cited as “Tough on crime, Tough on the causes of crime.” [90] The first Labour government spent a smaller percentage of the budget on crime than the previous Conservative government, but the second Labour government spent almost twice as much (about 6.5% of the budget), finally the third Labour government spent about the same percentage of the budget on crime as the first. The number of criminal incidents dropped dramatically under New Labour, from around 18,000 in 1995 to 11,000 in 2005-6, but this does not explain the decline in police reports that also occurred during this period. Tony Blair and Gerhard Schröder were both elected in the late 1990s.

But while the Blair government tightened policing policies in Britain, Germany`s Social Democrats did not follow suit. Georg Wenzelburger writes that the ministers involved and the balance of power in each government explain why. A particularly close relationship existed between Tony Blair of New Labour and Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, who presented a joint manifesto entitled “Europe – The Third Way/The New Centre” in June 1999. While much has been written about the social and economic agenda of these Third Way Social Democrats, there was also a lesser-known but nonetheless pronounced agenda of law and order on the agenda. The new slogan was “crime, the causes of crime” – a quote that Blair used successfully during the 1997 election campaign and that the German SPD copied, making it a headline in its 1998 election manifesto. In February 1993, Tony Blair, then Shadow Home Secretary, declared that Labour`s policing policy should be “tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime”. This oft-repeated statement hinted at how Labour would seek to assert its competence over law and order, overcome its image as “soft on” on crime and attack the Conservatives` record. Blair`s testimony came shortly after the murder of two-year-old James Bulger in Liverpool by two 10-year-old boys. The shock wave of this case led to an intensified debate on law and order policy among politicians and the public at a time when the recorded crime rate was at an all-time high.