However, the former ambassador defends Hugo Chávez`s policy and even goes so far as to ensure that he was the only one with a clear position on the Essequibo. Referring to what the late former president expressed at Georgetown in 2004, he said that “Chávez`s approach was misinterpreted and abused at the time. Chávez`s fundamental approach, echoed by our diplomatic mission in Guyana, is that Venezuela and Guyana could not become fighting countries, and that a territorial dispute hindered Guyana`s economic and political development. Chávez said it because the Essequibo was not only a piece of land where there were 250,000 inhabitants, there are also miners who are a migratory population and need strategic attention in the modern concept of integration, as was envisaged for the construction of Unasur and Celac. The border cannot become an obstacle, but an instrument that contributes to development, and that was the basic approach, because the vision was integral. He supports the convening of an extraordinary meeting of the High-Level Binational Commission, for which the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs must work hard to convince the Guyanese. After the 1899 arbitral award that awarded most of the Essequibo territory to British Guiana, the United Kingdom proposed a new arbitral award, but this time to delimit its border with Brazil on the territory of Esequiba Guiana, which was later claimed by Venezuela. The document, released Tuesday, includes a report and an explanation of the arguments that, under the protection of the history and law of the Bolivarian nation, help to claim sovereignty over the disputed territory. On the 18th. In December, the International Court of Justice delivered a judgment of 12 votes in favour and 4 against, in which it declared itself competent to examine “the validity of the award of 3 October 1899 and the question of the final settlement of the land border”. Accordingly, on 8 March 2021, the ICJ stipulated that Guyana must submit its report or list of arguments by 8 March 2022 and Venezuela, its response or counter-reflection, one year later or before 8 March 2023.
Furthermore, the #CIJ does not have the power to consider Guyana`s absurd unilateral request for the validity of the 1899 award. The Geneva Convention is the only valid legal framework for seeking a mutually satisfactory settlement. Essequiba Guiana, also known as the Essequibo Territory, Essequibo Region or Essequibo Region, is a region of the Guiana Shield located between the west of the Essequibo River and the landmark at the top of Mount Roraima in South America. It has an area of 159,542 km², which is administered by the Cooperative Republic of Guyana as its own, but whose sovereignty is claimed by Venezuela on the basis of the Geneva Convention of 17 February 1966. Only the eastern part of the island of the Anacoco River in the Cuyuní River is under the sovereignty of Venezuela, but has been disputed by Guyana; for Venezuela, the whole island is outside the disputed territory, Guyana does not understand it so for the eastern half and therefore claimed that it was an act of annexation by the Venezuelan army when it occupied it militarily in 1966.  The Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs reiterated that “the only applicable lateral norm” that applies to the settlement of the territorial dispute is the Geneva Convention. On November 12, 1962, Venezuelan Foreign Minister Dr. Marcos Falcón Briceño made a presentation to the Special Commission of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly to denounce the arbitral award, which affirmed compromises and irregularities justifying the expropriation. In this context, the Plenary unanimously approved an agreement to mark the 56th anniversary of the signing of the Geneva Convention. Through the approved document, the NA expresses its strong support for the measures taken by the National Executive to defend the sovereign rights of the Republic over Esequiba Guyana. In January 2021, Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro issued a decree aimed at protecting the Essequibo region through the so-called “Territory for the Development of the Atlantic Coast”.
Guyana called the decree “deeply troubling” and condemned Venezuela`s growing military presence in the region. With Nicolás Maduro in power, the Chavista legacy continued its policy of indifference to the territorial conflict in exchange for diplomatic support in the country`s internal situation. At its XL regular meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government this year± Caricom supported Guyana`s request to the international community to support its position on the dispute. Therefore, in 1840, the British commissioned the discoverer Robert Schomburgk to find him. At this moment, the current territorial dispute begins. Shortly after exploration began, the so-called “Schomburgk Line” was unveiled, a controversial road that claimed about 80,000 additional square kilometers west of the Essequibo River in territory that Venezuela has recognized as its own. According to him, the sector that would be best preferred is tourism, because the ecological sample that gives us the Venezuelan part of the Escudo Guayanés allows us to understand that this picturesque beauty also extends to the Essequibo and includes emblematic attributes such as the Maringma and the Ayanganna Tepuis in the mountains of Pacaraima or the mountains of Camoa. Canucu and Merume.